Scrum cycle 1

Scrum Cheat Sheet – a Quick Review of Terms & Practices

Scrum is one the most popular Agile frameworks. Most of this is due to its ability to provide clear guidance and rules for teams that use it. However, remembering all of these rules is not easy. And sometimes you just need a quick reminder to get back on track. So grab this Scrum cheat sheet and stay sure of what you are doing!

In the Scrum cheat sheet you will find all of the most important terms and practices explained in a simple and efficient manner. Making it easy to check something and get back to work immediatelly.

Scrum

Scrum has been the most popular Agile framework for quite some time now and this is not going to change any time soon. The framework is easy to understand and covers various business management aspects, making it easy to pick up and keep up. Compared to Kanban that provides only vague guidance for its practitioners, Scrum rules are very extensive and restrictive. However, this is just what most new Agile practitioners are after and they pick Scrum in order to have a good start with Agile.

If you want to learn more about the framework read – What is Scrum? Here are the most important Scrum terms and practices and below you will find the Scrum cheat sheet.

Explainer video. Source: scrum.org

Process Organization

Process

Scrum projects are organized in short iterations (Sprints), during which the team plans, executes and reviews work. After each Sprint the team adds incremental value to the end goal. This does not have to be a new product release, just an additional value to the product.

Task size

Scrum tasks can be of varying sizes, however no task should exceed the duration of the Sprint. If you have tasks that come close to the Sprint duration, split them up into several smaller ones.

Task assignment

Team members self-assign tasks by choosing them from the Sprint backlog. This is usually done before the Sprint begins, but the assignments can change during the iteration.

New tasks in an iteration

Once a Sprint has started no new tasks can be added to the Sprint backlog. Any new issues are added to the backlog for the next Sprint.

Roles

Product Owner – represents client interests and prioritizes Product Backlog. Core responsibility – communication.

Scrum Team – cross-functional team of professionals that self organize to meet the Sprint goal. Core responsibility – delivering value.

Scrum Master – facilitates the Scrum application and helps easy the organizational transition. Core responsibility – Scrum application.

Iterations

Scrum iterations are called Sprints. They are planned and executed one at a time and usually last 1-4 weeks. Sprint duration is decided before the Sprint begins and cannot be changed before a new Sprint begins.

Estimation

Scrum teams use Story points or hours to estimate the task size. This is done during the Sprint planning with the entire Scrum team.

Scrum events

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Sprint – 1-4 week iteration during which the Scrum Team delivers an incremental added value to the end product or goal. This can be a new product version or simply a needed improvement.

Sprint Planning – an 8 hour session where the Product Owner and the Scrum Team decide what the team should accomplish in the next Sprint. This includes setting the Sprint goal and choosing user stories that help achieve it.

Daily Scrum – a 15 minute meeting were each of the team members present what they have done yesterday, what they have planned for today and how does it help achieve the end goal.

Sprint Review – a 4 hour meeting for the Scrum Team, Product owner and the stakeholders to discuss what was done during the Sprint, gather feedback and adjust course of action.

Sprint Retrospective – a 3 hour discussion between the Scrum Team and the Scrum Master on how the process could be improved and made more effective in the next Sprint. It is a good practice to take at least one of the discussed solutions and implement it in the next Sprint.

Scrum task board

Scrum task board is usually combined out of 4 sections – Product Backlog where Product Owner places user stories, Sprint Backlog where Scrum Team plans tasks, Doing for tracking the tasks in progress and Done for completed tasks.

Scope limits

Scrum limits the amount of work the team does in one iteration by having a clear set duration of the Sprint. The team cannot commit to more work that fits within one Sprint.

Prioritization

Scrum uses the Product Backlog to prioritize the most important user stories. The Scrum Team picks the most important items during Sprint Planning and works on the during the next Sprint.

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Terminology

Product backlog

This is the first column on the Scrum task board. It holds all the prioritized epics and user stories and represents a project plan. Curated by the Product Owner.

Sprint backlog

This is the second column on the board that holds all the tasks planned for the current Sprint. It represents a Sprint plan and is curated by the Scrum Team.

User story

This is a short description of a client requirement. Usually written in a form similar to this: As a … I want …, so that … .Used to gather user requirements and feedback.

Epic

A large user story that cannot be delivered as defined in one iteration. Usually divided into smaller user stories before the Scrum Team commits to it.

Story point

A measuring unit used to estimate task duration. One story point could mean anything and it is up to the team to define it – in hours, money or size of tasks.

Burndown chart

A Scrum chart displaying how the number of incomplete tasks decreases over time. Can be used to identify issues when the number of tasks stops decreasing all of a sudden.

Scrum Cheat Sheet

To help you out on the daily basis, we have put all of this information into one handy Scrum cheat sheet. Keep it nearby and you are sure to know what to do next time there is uncertainty.

Scrum cheat sheet

Summary

Scrum is a great choice for teams that want to move fast and react to the changing environment. Planning, completing and reviewing the work in short iterations allows to quickly test out new ideas and deliver a final result that is done in accordance to the customer feedback. Scrum was created for small collocated teams, but has since proven to be a great candidate for scaling. Great for Agile beginners it may very well be your intro into Agile and with this Scrum cheat sheet you are sure to do great!

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